Thyroid Diet Chart – Foods to Eat, Foods to Avoid


Your general health and well-being are directly impacted by what you consume more frequently. However, practically, one begins a journey toward health until a challenge shows up in life.

For example, we all have heard about thyroid problems, typically starting among 12 years and older. However, there is always time to protect yourself from this condition simply through dietary modifications and a healthy lifestyle.

You should follow a balanced and healthy diet. Exercise and eating the right foods with limited calories can help you manage your thyroid levels because the thyroid can affect how much you weigh.

To prioritise and care for your health, dietary changes and lifestyle adjustments must go side by side. This article briefly summarises thyroid disease, the nutritional changes you must make and a recommended sample menu.

An Overview of Thyroid

The thyroid is a little gland below Adam’s apple on the front of your neck. According to a study, it is widespread and tends to afflict women more often. However, at times men, teenagers, kids, and even babies get impacted. There are thyroid disorders, which may be temporary or permanent, in about one in every twenty persons.

Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine are hormones your thyroid gland secretes (T4). Hormones are crucial to the body’s metabolism, growth, and development and keep it operating correctly.

The thyroid synthesises hormones that control how your body functions typically, but when the synthesis gets hampered, it results in thyroid illness. It is a collective name for several diseases brought on by inadequate thyroid hormone synthesis, which primarily comes in two forms.

You have hyperthyroidism if your body secretes too many thyroid hormones. It causes your cells to function more quickly than usual (overactive thyroid). On the other hand, if too little thyroid hormones secrete, your body’s cells and organs begin to degrade. It is known as hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).

It is essential to monitor your metabolic health. For example, thyroid dysfunction gets associated with several problems, including excessive weight gain, weight loss, and other metabolic illnesses.

HealthifyMe can make it simple to record, monitor, and analyse 80+ key metabolic parameters from home, one of which is your thyroid levels. In addition, you have access to a fully customised diet plan from a qualified nutritionist, healthy home recipes, and a workout plan from a professional fitness trainer. Furthermore, a smart scale can help users better understand their weight. It enables you to drop the proper weight, which is especially advantageous for those with a thyroid condition. It also offers 24-hour support because your health is its top priority.

The best thing is that all the premium plans are flexible enough to fit into hectic schedules. Irrespective of your health goals, whether weight loss, maintaining a healthy thyroid, or general well-being, HealthifyMe can make your life simple. 

What Affects Thyroid Health?

Numerous things can impact your thyroid, including genetics, dietary habits, stress, and environmental pollutants. According to a study, thyroid problems can result from diets low in selenium, zinc, and especially iodine.

Additionally, imbalances can also be a result of poor gut health. Fortunately, you have control over your diet, so make sure to eat plenty of foods that promote good thyroid function.

Foods To Consider For Thyroid Health

For thyroid disease, a healthy diet is essential. However, as there is no unique “thyroid diet,” the thyroid diet menu must adjust accordingly. The secretion of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) is higher in hyperthyroidism and lower in hypothyroidism. The diet should take that into account. 

It helps concentrate on nutrient-rich foods to induce satiety while nourishing your body. Also, supporting healthy energy levels is essential for thyroid patients. 

The following are a few of the best foods for thyroid health to consider:

Fruits for Thyroid Diet

Fruits are a great source of fibre, vitamins, minerals, and unrefined sugars. Fruit provides our bodies with energy and nutrition by readily breaking down. You must eat fruits every two to three hours.

Most fruits are rich in antioxidants, which help clean the blood flow. Those with hypothyroidism frequently lack vitamin C. Thyroid function issues may result from this.

According to a study, since berries are high in the vitamin that supports the immune system, they can promote thyroid function by preserving a healthy immune system. Other foods to consider for your thyroid health include apples, peaches, pears, grapes, citrus fruits, pineapple, bananas, etc.

Vegetables for Thyroid Diet

Vegetables like cruciferous ones and others can prevent your thyroid from using iodine efficiently. Furthermore, vegetables that are high in fibres are easier for our bodies to digest while still helping to supply our bodies with vitamins and minerals. 

Cruciferous vegetables help people with hyperthyroidism feel fuller longer because they minimise carbohydrate retention. People with this condition have frequent hunger pangs due to accelerated metabolism. 

Here are a few to include in your diet (if you have hyperthyroidism):

Broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cassava, collard greens, bamboo shoots, and bok choy

To treat hypothyroidism, you can eat non-starchy vegetables: greens, artichokes, zucchini, asparagus, carrots, peppers, spinach, mushrooms, etc., as well as some starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes, potatoes, peas, butternut squash, etc. as many vegetables contain antioxidants that support a robust immune system and prevent inflammation.

Gluten-Free Grains and Seeds for Thyroid Diet

According to a study, consuming gluten-free grains and seeds can help you get a decent dose of fibre, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and reduce inflammation in the body.

For those reasons, if you can tolerate them, it is preferable to include whole grains in your diet. For optimal thyroid health, some of the most fabulous gluten-free grains are rice, buckwheat, quinoa, brown rice, rolled oats, quinoa, brown rice pasta, etc.

Foods High in Selenium

Selenium is in foods high in protein, mainly fish and meats. According to a study, meals high in selenium may assist in balancing thyroid hormone levels and protect your thyroid from disease.

Selenium aids in preventing cell deterioration and maintains the health of your thyroid and other tissues. Additionally, it aids in overcoming hypothyroidism-related muscle weakness.

They support bone and muscle growth. Legumes, eggs, pork, fish, shellfish, turkey, and chicken are foods high in protein and selenium.

Healthy Fats

With a balanced and nourishing diet, your body can balance the hormones. The building blocks of hormone production are healthy fats.

Fish, flaxseeds, eggs with clarified whole butter, and other foods high in omega-3 fatty acids may also be perfect. Additionally, it aids in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels.

Prolonged hypothyroidism may cause an imbalance in your fat metabolism. An imbalance in fat levels is what leads to obesity or weight gain.

Additionally, it triggers other ailments. Avocado oil, flaxseed oil, coconut oil, unsweetened coconut, sunflower oil, and olive oil are a few examples.

Herbs, Spices, and Condiments

Some herbs and spices have anti-inflammatory qualities that can safeguard and maintain thyroid function.

For example, turmeric, green chillies, black pepper, fresh and dried herbs like basil and rosemary, spices like paprika, saffron, and turmeric, and healthy condiments like salsa and mustard may all add taste and an antioxidant boost to your regular meals.

Dairy and Non-Dairy Alternatives

Some of the finest choices for hypothyroidism include coconut milk, cashew milk, coconut yoghurt, almond milk, unsweetened yoghurt, and cheese.

For those with hyperthyroidism, drinking whole milk is not recommended. Skim milk or organic milk is a much healthier and simpler-to-digest alternative.

Foods Low in Iodine

Iodine, a mineral, is essential for the production of thyroid hormones. A low-iodine diet decreases thyroid hormone production. Listed below are some low-iodine foods to include:- 

  • Salt without iodine
  • Egg white
  • Canned or fresh fruit
  • Homemade loaves of bread or loaves prepared without eggs, dairy, or salt
  • Popcorn with non-iodised salt
  • Maple and honey syrup

Seeds and Nuts

Nuts and seeds are excellent sources of fibre, vitamins, minerals, healthy fats, and antioxidants. In addition, according to a study, they benefit people with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis since they can lower cellular inflammation.

Because of these benefits, including nuts and seeds in your diet is an excellent idea for your thyroid health—pumpkin seeds, natural peanut butter, almonds, cashews, macadamia nuts, and so forth.

Foods to Avoid For Thyroid Health

You do not need to avoid many foods if you have hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. However, it is better to avoid some foods for the health of your thyroid because they may create problems in some individuals. Foods to be avoided are:- 

Soy-Based Goods

Since soy products are frequently processed, it is better to avoid them, especially if you have an autoimmune disease. They often contain significant levels of phytoestrogens, which could affect thyroid function.

In addition, a soy substance called isoflavone may harm your thyroid. Furthermore, according to a study, soy hinders the absorption of thyroid medications. Avoid or consume soy-containing foods in moderation, including tofu, soy sauce, and creamers made from soy.


Gluten in specific individuals might damage the thyroid by inflaming it. Limiting or avoiding gluten may be advantageous even if you do not have an allergy or intolerance to it.

A study demonstrates the beneficial effects of a gluten-free diet on thyroid treatment. Look for gluten-containing substances on food labels, including wheat, barley, brewer’s yeast, malt, rye, and triticale.


Consuming foods and drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate, can worsen hyperthyroidism symptoms and cause anxiety, nervousness, irritability, and a rapid heartbeat.

For example, according to studies, people who took their thyroid medications with coffee had abnormal thyroid levels. So it’s best to stay away from coffee till you feel better. Instead, consider substituting flavoured water, hot apple cider, or natural herbal teas for caffeinated beverages.


Individuals with thyroid disorders like hypothyroidism should avoid foods rich in goitrogens. They are compounds in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, and soy.

They may interfere with the production of thyroid hormones. Additionally, it hinders the thyroid’s ability to absorb iodine, but iodine is essential for hypothyroidism; thus, avoiding it is advised for the sake of your thyroid’s health.


A study found that drinking impacts thyroid hormone synthesis and levels.

Alcohol thus lowers your body’s ability to use thyroid hormones effectively. It consequently affects metabolism. Therefore, if you have thyroid problems, it is best to leave off alcohol altogether.

The HealthifyMe Note

What you eat significantly influences the quality of your life. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to selecting the ideal diet. A healthy, well-balanced diet is the foundation for treating all diseases and even controlling thyroid levels, enabling you to live a healthy life. Just chewing your food mindfully, restricting portions, and cutting down on excess sugar and processed foods can significantly impact thyroid health. Yoga and leading a stress-free life can improve your health too. 

7 Day Diet Plan Chart for Thyroid Patient

Diet for Sunday

Meal Time Menu
Breakfast (8:00-8:30 AM) 2 dosa + 1/2 cup sambar + 1 tsp methi chutney + 1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30 AM) 1 medium-size Apple
Lunch (2:00-2:30 PM) 1 cup rice + 1 portion (150gm) chicken curry + 1 glass buttermilk + ½ cup beans sabzi
Evening (4:00-4:30 PM) 3 whole wheat biscuits + 1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea (without sugar)
Dinner (8:00-8:30 PM) 2 chapatis (multigrain-wheat; jowar; bajra) + lauki methi sabji + 1/2 cup vegetable salad

Diet for Monday

Meal Time Menu
Breakfast 8:00-8:30 AM 1 cup roasted oats upma with vegetables+1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Mid-Meal 11:00-11:30 AM 1 banana
Lunch 2:00-2:30 PM 2 chapati + ½ cup french beans curry + 1/2 cup pumpkin sabzi + 1 glass buttermilk
Evening 4:00-4:30 PM 1 cup boiled green gram sprouts with lemon+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner 8:00-8:30 PM 2 chapati + 1/2 cup bitter gourd sabji + 1/2 cup vegetable salad

Diet for Tuesday

Meal Time Food
Breakfast 8:00-8:30 AM 1 cup broken wheat upma with vegetables + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal 11:00-11:30 AM 100gm musk melon
Lunch 2:00-2:30 PM 2 chapatis + 1 portion (100gm) grilled/stewed fish (tuna/ salmon/ sardine) + 1/2 cup rajma curry
Evening 4:00-4:30 PM Bread omelette (eggs-2) (whole wheat bread-1 slices) + 1 glass milk / 1 cup tea
Dinner 8:00-8:30 PM 2 chapati 1/2 cup ridge gourd sabzi + ½ cup vegetable salad

Diet for Wednesday

Meal Time Menu
Breakfast 8:00-8:30 AM 2 parathas (methi) with 2 tsp green chutney + 1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Mid-Meal 11:00-11:30 AM 100gm pomegranate
Lunch 2:00-2:30 PM 2 chapati + ½ cup cluster beans curry + ½ cup capsicum sabji + 1 glass buttermilk
Evening 4:00-4:30 PM 2 wheat rusk + 1 glass milk/1 cup tea
Dinner 8:00-8:30 PM 2 chapati + ½ cup raw banana sabzi + 1/2 cup vegetable salad + 1 cup curd

Diet for Thursday

Meal Time Food
8:00-8:30 AM (Breakfast) 2 Idly +1/2 cup sambhar+1 tsp coconut chutney+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
11:00-11:30 AM (Mid-Meal) 1 medium-size apple
2:00-2:30 PM (Lunch) ½ cup rice + 1 chapati + 1 portion (100gm) fish (tuna/ salmon/ sardine/ black pomfret) curry + green peas sabzi
4:00-4:30 PM (Evening) 1 roasted black gram laddu+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
8:00-8:30 PM (Dinner) 3 chapati+1/2 cup baingan sabji+1/2 cup rajma vegetable salad

Diet for Friday

Meal Time Menu
Breakfast 8:00-8:30 AM ½ cup Oats in 1 glass of skim milk
Mid-Meal 11:00-11:30 AM 1 medium-size guava
Lunch 2:00-2:30 PM 2 chapathi+1/2 cup chana dal+1/2 cup methi sabji+1 glass buttermilk
Evening 4:00-4:30 PM 1 cup boiled Bengal gram with lemon+1 glass milk/ 1 cup tea
Dinner 8:00-8:30 PM 2 chapati 1/2 cup bhindi sabji + 1 cup vegetable salad + 1 cup dal

Diet for Saturday

Meal Time Meal Description
8:00-8:30 AM Vegetable cheese sandwich with whole wheat bread slices + cucumber, tomato, onion + 1 glass milk/1 cup tea
11:00-11:30 AM 1 wedge(100gm) watermelon
2:00-2:30 PM 1 cup rice + ½ cup skin out chicken(150gm) curry + 1/2 cup mix veg sabji + 1 glass buttermilk
4:00-4:30 PM 1 cup chiwda + 1 glass milk/1 cup tea
8:00-8:30 PM 2 chapatis (multigrain-wheat/jowar/bajra) + ½ cup tinda sabzi + ½ cup vegetable salad + ½ cup moong curry

Consult Your Nutritionist About Your Health

Meeting with a professional early in your diagnosis, or if you believe you could have a thyroid issue, is a brilliant idea to evaluate your thyroid function. Then, develop, with proper assistance, a plan to bring your thyroid hormone levels to acceptable ranges.

Because the thyroid system is crucial to our daily functioning, diagnosing and treating any issues that arise is essential.

Keeping a close eye on your health is very simple, thanks to HealthifyMe Pro 2.0, which considers every aspect of your health. The coaches provide the correct advice to treat your disease and live a healthy life.

The app uses the most cutting-edge technology and creates plans that are easy to follow. Real-time data inputs, metabolic panel testing, and personalised chats with the coaches make the process highly effective.

In addition, it breaks down the condition and suggests small corrective lifestyle measures. Ultimately, the user understands how their body reacts to food and activity levels through the data inputs recorded by the CGM.

As a result, with awareness, one can bring long-lasting dietary and lifestyle changes that can reverse several lifestyle diseases.


It is crucial for human growth and health that the thyroid gland and the hormones it generates are functioning correctly. Your body produces too much or too little thyroid hormone, which can result in thyroid problems.

You can correct thyroid disorders with the proper care and have their consequences reversed. It’s important to remember that there are ways to stop these issues before they start.

Preventive action is crucial if you want to lower your risk of developing new problems in your life. First, limit your consumption of processed foods with added sugar or preservatives.

Instead, increase your intake of fresh produce, lean protein, and healthy fats. You may be well on your way to a symptom-free lifestyle if you follow your recommendations regarding your thyroid condition and stick to a balanced diet.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Q. What are the best foods to heal the thyroid?

A- One of the best ways to ensure that the thyroid gland functions optimally is through your diet. Numerous elements in our daily diets might help our thyroid gland achieve or maintain homeostasis if it needs to be fixed. Most benefit from a diet rich in selenium, iron, iodine, magnesium, and b-complex vitamins to boost thyroid function. Some of the best foods you should eat to support your thyroid are apples, pears, citrus, avocado, sunflower seeds, Brazilian nuts, yoghurt, quinoa, chickpeas, oats, brown rice, sprouts, and bread made from sprouted grains. 

Q. Which food should be avoided in the thyroid?

A- Your thyroid medicine may become ineffective if you eat certain foods. Some nutrients support the thyroid’s efficient operation. However, some foods prevent thyroid drugs from being absorbed. Fortunately, if you have a thyroid issue, you don’t need to avoid many foods. Goitrogen-containing foods, soy, gluten, alcohol, caffeine, processed meals, and sugary foods are the main ones that you must avoid.  

Q. What is a good breakfast for thyroid problems?

A- Attempt to have a breakfast that contains all the food groups, including whole grains, meat or legumes, veggies, fruit, and dairy. You must opt for whole wheat tortillas, granola, whole wheat pancakes, oatmeal, or whole grain cereal for your grains. Combine sautéed vegetables and scrambled egg whites to make a breakfast tortilla. As a side dish, eat low-fat yoghurt with fresh fruit. Another wholesome breakfast choice is a whole wheat bagel with smoked salmon, low-fat cream cheese, and a glass of orange juice

Q. What fruit can cure the thyroid?

A- The thyroid can benefit from eating apples, avocados, and blueberries, which are also excellent antioxidants. They assist in preventing and minimising thyroid disease symptoms. They also support your body’s detoxification process. 

Q. Are bananas good for the thyroid?

A- Yes, bananas are suitable for your thyroid. Selenium, which has anti-inflammatory qualities, is found in bananas. Additionally, the antioxidant in bananas protects your cells from free radical oxidation and aids in treating thyroid issues. 

Q. Is Potato good for the thyroid?

A- Potatoes contain several essential nutrients that support a healthy thyroid, including Vitamin C, B6, Potassium, Magnesium, Iron, and Iodine. 

Q. Do and don’ts for thyroid patients?

A- The thyroid gland can regulate the body’s metabolism. Therefore, the entire body suffers when the thyroid isn’t functioning correctly. Understanding how to approach thyroid treatment and the critical dos and don’ts is essential, such as having a routine thyroid test and consuming lots of water and foods high in antioxidants, tyrosine, and selenium. Do not consume alcohol or smoke, skip the macronutrients, avoid caffeine, sugar, soy, and gluten-containing foods, and abstain from utilising self-medication.

Q. Is rice good for the thyroid?

A- Rice is regarded as a nutritious, all-natural food. It is a common grain in many parts of the world. It’s delectable, warm, and a simple swap for our favourite wheat-based foods. When avoiding gluten, items like rice pasta, rice flour, or a fluffy bed of rice for your main course can be a welcome relief. Also, try including brown rice in your diet for a healthy thyroid. 

Q. Is coffee good for the thyroid?

A- Caffeine use can prevent thyroid hormone medication absorption. Coffee causes blood sugar spikes, may promote adrenal fatigue, and makes it harder for many thyroid patients to maintain stable blood sugar levels. Coffee interfering with the absorption of thyroid medication is the biggest issue with coffee regarding thyroid activity. So, it’s best to stay away from coffee till you feel better. 

Q. Which juice is best for the thyroid?

A- Juices are excellent ways to consume nutritionally rich substances. For example, pineapple is rich in manganese and vitamin C. These two minerals can shield our bodies from the harm that free radicals can do. Additionally, this tart fruit has Vitamin B, which might help combat weariness, one of the signs of thyroid disease. Additionally, you can sip on apple juice, green juice, etc.

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